A schildkröte is called a tortoise in English and is a reptile that can move its head and legs into a hard shell for protection. Schildkröte are slow moving creatures that eats plants and sleeps during the winter.
Schildkröte are entirely terrestrial and can be found on every continent except Australia and
Antarctica. They inhabit islands from South America to Africa and Asia.
There are up to forty-nine species of schildkröte, with shells ranging from ten to fifteen centimeters. The Aldabra Islands and Galapagos Islands are home to large schildkröte with shells over 1 meter long.
Turtles have a range of habitats, from deserts to humid tropical forests. Most schildkröte are vegetarian and eat leaves, flowers, and fruit. Some uncommon species of tortoises from humid forest habitats are opportunistic hunters and consume meat.
Copulation can be a precarious problem for male schildkröte, because that they have to balance on the female’s domed carapace to fertilize them. most schildkröte species lay small groups of eggs, typically fewerthan twenty, and many species lay less than five.
Despite the fact that schildkröte have columnar hind legs and short hind legs, they dig their nests by alternate scooping motions of their hind legs. Most schildkröte species lay small clutches, rarely over 20 eggs, and many species have clutches of only 1-2 eggs. Incubation is characteristically long in most species, the typical period being between 100 and 160 days.
Egg laying generally occurs at night, when that the mother turtle covers her clutch with sand, soil and organic material.
At the end of the incubation period, the young breaks its shell. It burrows to the surface of the nest and begins a life of its own of survival.
Its main purpose then is to find food to live on.